Article

Space Science Reviews

, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp 179-220

CIR Morphology, Turbulence, Discontinuities, and Energetic Particles

  • N.U. CrookerAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston University
  • , J.T. GoslingAffiliated withLos Alamos National Laboratory
  • , V. BothmerAffiliated withExtraterrestrische Physik, Universität Kiel
  • , R.J. ForsythAffiliated withThe Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College
  • , P.R. GazisAffiliated withSan Jose State University Foundation, NASA Ames Research Center
  • , A. HewishAffiliated withMullard Radio Astronomy Observatory, Cavendish Laboratory
  • , T.S. HorburyAffiliated withThe Blackett Laboratory, Imperial CollegeQueen Mary and Westfield College
  • , D.S. IntriligatorAffiliated withCarmel Research Center
  • , J.R. JokipiiAffiliated withDepts. of Planetary Sciences and Astronomy, University of Arizona
    • , J. KótaAffiliated withDepts. of Planetary Sciences and Astronomy, University of Arizona
    • , A.J. LazarusAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston UniversityCenter for Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    • , M.A. LeeAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston UniversitySpace Science Center, University of New Hampshire
    • , E. LucekAffiliated withThe Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College
    • , E. MarschAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston UniversityMax-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie
    • , A. PosnerAffiliated withExtraterrestrische Physik, Universität Kiel
    • , I.G. RichardsonAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston UniversityNASA Goddard Space Flight Center
    • , E.C. RoelofAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston UniversityApplied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University
    • , J.M. SchmidtAffiliated withThe Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College
    • , G.L. SiscoeAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston University
    • , B.T. TsurutaniAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston UniversityJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology
    • , R.F. Wimmer-SchweingruberAffiliated withCenter for Space Physics, Boston UniversityPhysikalisches Institut der Universität Bern

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Abstract

Corotating interaction regions (CIRs) in the middle heliosphere have distinct morphological features and associated patterns of turbulence and energetic particles. This report summarizes current understanding of those features and patterns, discusses how they can vary from case to case and with distance from the Sun and possible causes of those variations, presents an analytical model of the morphological features found in earlier qualitative models and numerical simulations, and identifies aspects of the features and patterns that have yet to be resolved.