Space Science Reviews

, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp 179–220

CIR Morphology, Turbulence, Discontinuities, and Energetic Particles

  • N.U. Crooker
  • J.T. Gosling
  • V. Bothmer
  • R.J. Forsyth
  • P.R. Gazis
  • A. Hewish
  • T.S. Horbury
  • D.S. Intriligator
  • J.R. Jokipii
  • J. Kóta
  • A.J. Lazarus
  • M.A. Lee
  • E. Lucek
  • E. Marsch
  • A. Posner
  • I.G. Richardson
  • E.C. Roelof
  • J.M. Schmidt
  • G.L. Siscoe
  • B.T. Tsurutani
  • R.F. Wimmer-Schweingruber
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1005253526438

Cite this article as:
Crooker, N., Gosling, J., Bothmer, V. et al. Space Science Reviews (1999) 89: 179. doi:10.1023/A:1005253526438

Abstract

Corotating interaction regions (CIRs) in the middle heliosphere have distinct morphological features and associated patterns of turbulence and energetic particles. This report summarizes current understanding of those features and patterns, discusses how they can vary from case to case and with distance from the Sun and possible causes of those variations, presents an analytical model of the morphological features found in earlier qualitative models and numerical simulations, and identifies aspects of the features and patterns that have yet to be resolved.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • N.U. Crooker
    • 1
  • J.T. Gosling
    • 2
  • V. Bothmer
    • 3
  • R.J. Forsyth
    • 4
  • P.R. Gazis
    • 5
  • A. Hewish
    • 6
  • T.S. Horbury
    • 4
    • 7
  • D.S. Intriligator
    • 8
  • J.R. Jokipii
    • 9
  • J. Kóta
    • 9
  • A.J. Lazarus
    • 10
  • M.A. Lee
    • 11
  • E. Lucek
    • 4
  • E. Marsch
    • 12
  • A. Posner
    • 3
  • I.G. Richardson
    • 13
  • E.C. Roelof
    • 14
  • J.M. Schmidt
    • 4
  • G.L. Siscoe
    • 1
  • B.T. Tsurutani
    • 15
  • R.F. Wimmer-Schweingruber
    • 16
  1. 1.Center for Space PhysicsBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  3. 3.Extraterrestrische PhysikUniversität KielKielGermany
  4. 4.The Blackett LaboratoryImperial CollegeLondonUnited Kingdom
  5. 5.San Jose State University Foundation, NASA Ames Research CenterMoffett FieldUSA
  6. 6.Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory, Cavendish LaboratoryCambridgeUnited Kingdom
  7. 7.Queen Mary and Westfield CollegeLondonUnited Kingdom
  8. 8.Carmel Research CenterSanta MonicaUSA
  9. 9.Depts. of Planetary Sciences and AstronomyUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  10. 10.Center for Space ResearchMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  11. 11.Space Science CenterUniversity of New HampshireDurhamUSA
  12. 12.Max-Planck-Institut für AeronomieKatlenburg-LindauGermany
  13. 13.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  14. 14.Applied Physics LaboratoryJohns Hopkins UniversityLaurelUSA
  15. 15.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  16. 16.Physikalisches Institut der Universität BernBernSwitzerland