, Volume 10, Issue 4-5, pp 223-242

Fatigue and Damage Tolerance of Glare

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Methods have been developed to describe the fatigue initiation and propagation mechanisms in flat panels as well as mechanically fastened joints and to determine the residual strength of large flat panels. Glare shows excellent crack growth characteristics due to the mechanism of delamination and fibre bridging. The fatigue insensitive fibres restrain the crack opening and transfer load over the crack in the metal layers. During the initiation phase fibre bridging does not occur and the behaviour is dominated by the metal initiation properties. Mechanically fastened joints introduce additional effects such as secondary bending, load transfer and aspects related to the fastener installation. The residual strength of Glare is dependent on the amount of broken fibres and the delamination size and can be described with the R-curve approach.

The impact resistance of Glare is related to the aluminium and glass/epoxy properties and is significantly higher than the impact resistance of monolithic aluminium. The same has been proven for fire resistance. Depending on the Glare grade and thickness, the outer aluminium layer will melt away, whereas the other layers will remain intact due to carbonisation of the glass/epoxy layers and delamination of the laminate. The air in the delaminations will act as insulation, keeping the temperatures at the non-exposed side relatively low.