Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 223-236

First online:

Privatization of Veterinary Services in Developing Countries: A Review

  • A. SenAffiliated withCentre for Management in Agriculture, Indian Institute of Management
  • , M. ChanderAffiliated withDivision of Extension Education, Indian Veterinary Research Institute

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Increasing fiscal constraints on the government, a lackadaisical performance by public sector animal health and breeding services and pressure from donor partners have prompted the governments of various developing countries to rethink the role of the public sector in the provision of veterinary services. Various countries have started to implement, or have already implemented, privatization of some veterinary services. The results are mixed. It is established that private provision alone is not optimal, and a blend of private and public sector veterinary services is required to utilize the virtues of both.

The privatization process has also begun in India. Certain state governments in India are pursuing a cost recovery approach and are encouraging private practitioners to cope with the financial constraints and to deliver broad and effective animal health and breeding services. This paper considers the global aspects of the privatization of veterinary services as well as the scenario in India, so as to gain an insight into the very complex and debatable issue of privatization of veterinary services.

animal health breeding cost recovery diagnostic services extension services private practitioners public sector willingness to pay