Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 40, Issue 5, pp 163–174

The Origin and Genetic Diversity of Chinese Native Chicken Breeds

  • Dong Niu
  • Yan Fu
  • Jing Luo
  • Hui Ruan
  • Xu-Ping Yu
  • Gong Chen
  • Ya-Ping Zhang
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1015832108669

Cite this article as:
Niu, D., Fu, Y., Luo, J. et al. Biochem Genet (2002) 40: 163. doi:10.1023/A:1015832108669

Abstract

The first 539 bases of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region of six Chinese native chicken breeds (Gallus gallus domesticus) were sequenced and compared to those of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus), the gray junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii), the green junglefowl (Gallus varius) and Lafayette's junglefowl (Gallus lafayettei) reported in GenBank, and the phylogenetic trees for the chickens were constructed based on the D-loop sequences. The results showed that the four species of the genus Gallus had great differences among each other, the G. g. domesticus was closest to the red junglefowl in Thailand and its adjacent regions, suggesting the Chinese domestic fowl probably originated from the red junglefowl in these regions. The two subs pecies of Thailand, G. g. gallus and G. g. spadiceus, should belong to one subspecies because of their resemblance. In the case of native breeds, there existed a great difference between the egg breeds and general purpose breeds, which suggested different maternal origins of the two types.

Chinese native chicken breeds junglefowl mitochondrial D-loop sequence genetic diversity 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dong Niu
    • 1
  • Yan Fu
    • 1
  • Jing Luo
    • 2
  • Hui Ruan
    • 3
  • Xu-Ping Yu
    • 1
  • Gong Chen
    • 1
  • Ya-Ping Zhang
    • 4
  1. 1.Animal Science CollegeZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople's Republic of China
  2. 2.Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular EvolutionKunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of SciencesKunmingPeople's Republic of China
  3. 3.Agricultural Engineering and Food Science CollegeZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople's Republic of China
  4. 4.Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of SciencesKunmingPeople's Republic of China

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