Article

Natural Hazards

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 29-38

The 1996 Sulawesi Tsunami

  • Efim PelinovskyAffiliated withInstitute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , Dede YuliadiAffiliated withNavy Hydro-Oceanographic Service
  • , Gegar PrasetyaAffiliated withTsunami Research Center, Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology
  • , Rahman HidayatAffiliated withTsunami Research Center, Coastal Engineering Laboratory, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology

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Abstract

On 1 January, 1996 at 16:05 p.m. local time, an earthquake of magnitude M = 7.8 struck the central part of Sulawesi Island (Indonesia). It was accompanied by tsunami waves 2–4 m high. Nine people were killed and 63 were injured. A tsunami survey was conducted by Indonesian and Russian specialists. The measured tsunami runup heights and eyewitness accounts are reported and discussed. Historical data on the Sulawesi Island tsunamis are analysed and tsunami risk prediction in the central part of Sulawesi Island carried out for the first time.

earthquake tsunami Indonesia field survey