Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 175-213

First online:

On the Assessment of Situational Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: The Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS)

  • Frédéric GuayAffiliated withDépartement des fondements en pratiques en éducation, Faculté des sciences de l'éducation, Université Laval
  • , Robert J. VallerandAffiliated withDépartement de Psychologie, Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Comportement Social, Université du Québec à Montréal
  • , Céline BlanchardAffiliated withSchool of Psychology, University of Ottawa

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The purpose of the present research was to develop and validate a situational (or state) measure of motivation, the Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS). The SIMS is designed to assess the constructs of intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, external regulation, and amotivation (E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan, 1985, 1991) in field and laboratory settings. Five studies were conducted to develop and validate the SIMS. Overall, results show that the SIMS is composed of 4 internally consistent factors. The construct validity of the scale is also supported by correlations with other constructs as postulated by current theories. Moreover, the SIMS is responsive to experimental induction as evidenced by data gathered through a laboratory study. In sum, the SIMS represents a brief and versatile self-report measure of situational intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, external regulation, and amotivation.