The Behavior of Diluted Sooted Oils in Lubricated Contacts
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- Chiñas-Castillo, F. & Spikes, H. Tribology Letters (2004) 16: 317. doi:10.1023/B:TRIL.0000015208.61698.01
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An increase in the engine lubricant soot levels has recently been noticed. This increase in soot content of lubricating oils has caused a series of problems in the overall performance of the engine. In a practical context, sooted oils consist of carbonaceous matter suspended in engine oil forming a system commonly known as a colloid sol. The objective of this paper is to better understand the mechanism of action of oil containing soot particles in the lubricated contacts and to identify how the colloidal nature of the sooted oil is related to its performance. This study has shown by means of ultra-thin film interferometry and image analysis techniques that soot colloid particles are entrained in the contact inlet where they can influence the friction and wear characteristics of the base stock. This study shows that soot primary particles are entrained into the contact at slow speeds, affecting the film characteristics of clean engine oils. This entrainment of particles is more pronounced at high temperatures.