Oxidation of Glycerol Using Supported Gold Catalysts
- Cite this article as:
- Carrettin, S., McMorn, P., Johnston, P. et al. Topics in Catalysis (2004) 27: 131. doi:10.1023/B:TOCA.0000013547.35106.0d
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A series of supported gold catalysts (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 wt% Au/graphite) have been investigated for the oxidation of glycerol and propan-1,2-diol. The 1 wt% Au/graphite catalyst is found to give 100% selectivity to the mono acid product, isolated as the sodium salt, as long as NaOH is present. The catalysts are characterized by TEM and cyclic voltammetry. By TEM, active catalysts all comprise fairly broad-size distributions (5–50 nm diameter) for the gold nanoparticles, although most are ca. 25 nm in diameter. An inactive 1 wt% Au/graphite is shown to have considerably larger particle sizes (>50 nm) and this indicates that there may be an optimum particle size for the desired catalysis. Characterization using cyclic voltammetry of active Au/graphite catalysts carried out in NaOH reveals the presence of an oxide species that may be responsible for the observed catalysis. In contrast, the inactive 1 wt% Au/graphite catalyst shows no oxidation in the cyclic voltammetry experiments.