, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 261-265

Understanding Saline and Osmotic Tolerance of Populus euphratica Suspended Cells

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Tolerance of Populus euphratica suspended cells to ionic and osmotic stresses implemented respectively by NaCl and PEG (6000) was characterized by monitoring cell growth, morphological features, ion compartmentation and polypeptide patterns. The cells grew and proliferated when submitted to stresses of 137 mM NaCl or 250 g l−1 PEG, and survived at 308 mM of NaCl, showing tolerance to saline and particularly osmotic stress. They were resistant to plasmolysis and had dense cytoplasms, large nuclei and nucleoli, and evident cytoplasmic strands under high saline and osmotic stress. The sequestration of Cl into the vacuoles was observed in the cells stressed with 137 and 223 mM NaCl. The cellular protein profile was modified by high salt and osmotic stress and showed 28 kDa polypeptides up-regulated by both NaCl and PEG, and 66 and 25 kDa polypeptides up-regulated only by high NaCl stress. The salt tolerance of P. euphratica cells might be related to their capacity of adapting to higher osmotic stress by maintaining cell integrity, sequestrating Cl into vacuoles and modulating polypeptides that reflect cellular metabolic adaptations.