, Volume 78, Issue 1, pp 75-81

Regeneration from Phylloclade Explants and Callus Cultures of Schlumbergera and Rhipsalidopsis

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Abstract

Phylloclade explants of Schlumbergera and Rhipsalidopsis were cultured in vitro to produce axillary and adventitious shoots. The explants of both species, taken from greenhouse-grown plants, produced only axillary shoots. There was a pronounced improvement in adventitious shoot formation in phylloclade explants of cultivar CB4 of Rhipsalidopsis by increasing numbers of subcultures of axillary shoots used as donor plants. The axillary shoots generated from the explants were either subcultured to produce successive generations of axillary shoot cultures or made into phylloclade explants and tested for adventitious shoot formation at each subculture. The duration of each subculture varied from 6 to 12 weeks. After the first subculture, sporadic adventitious shoot formation began, and after the third subculture 87% explants of cultivar CB4 produced adventitious shoots at a frequency of about 12 shoots per explant. In contrast, there was no improvement in regenerative ability in explants of cultivar Thor-Olga of Schlumbergera up to third subculture. Adventitious shoots could be produced by callus culture too. Cultivar CB4 was highly regenerative, producing as many as 10 adventitious shoots per square cm of callus. In vitro grown plantlets, when transferred to pots continued to show prolific growth.