Is the Person-Affecting Intuition Paradoxical?
- Melinda A. RobertsAffiliated withCollege of New Jersey
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This article critically examines some of the inconsistency objections that have been put forward by John Broome, Larry Temkin and others against the so-called "person-affecting," or "person-based," restriction in normative ethics, including "extra people" problems and a version of the nonidentity problem from Kavka and Parfit. Certain Pareto principles and a version of the "mere addition paradox" are discussed along the way. The inconsistencies at issue can be avoided, it is argued, by situating the person-affecting intuition within a non-additive form of maximizing consequentialism – a theory which then competes with such additive, or aggregative, forms of maximizing consequentialism as "totalism" and "averagism."
- Is the Person-Affecting Intuition Paradoxical?
Theory and Decision
Volume 55, Issue 1 , pp 1-44
- Cover Date
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- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
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- person-affecting intuition
- mere addition paradox
- total utilitarianism
- average utilitarianism
- future persons
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ, 08628, USA