Studia Logica

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 9–40

Light Affine Set Theory: A Naive Set Theory of Polynomial Time

  • Kazushige Terui

DOI: 10.1023/B:STUD.0000034183.33333.6f

Cite this article as:
Terui, K. Studia Logica (2004) 77: 9. doi:10.1023/B:STUD.0000034183.33333.6f


In [7], a naive set theory is introduced based on a polynomial time logical system, Light Linear Logic (LLL). Although it is reasonably claimed that the set theory inherits the intrinsically polytime character from the underlying logic LLL, the discussion there is largely informal, and a formal justification of the claim is not provided sufficiently. Moreover, the syntax is quite complicated in that it is based on a non-traditional hybrid sequent calculus which is required for formulating LLL.

In this paper, we consider a naive set theory based on Intuitionistic Light Affine Logic (ILAL), a simplification of LLL introduced by [1], and call it Light Affine Set Theory (LAST). The simplicity of LAST allows us to rigorously verify its polytime character. In particular, we prove that a function over {0, 1}* is computable in polynomial time if and only if it is provably total inLAST.

naive set theorypolynomial timelinear logiclight logicsubstructural logics

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazushige Terui
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 HitotsubashiJapan