Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 89–98

Nonverbal Encouragement of Participation in a Course: the Effect of Touching

  • Nicolas Guéguen

DOI: 10.1023/B:SPOE.0000010691.30834.14

Cite this article as:
Guéguen, N. Social Psychology of Education (2004) 7: 89. doi:10.1023/B:SPOE.0000010691.30834.14


Previous studies have shown that touching leads to positive behavior, particularly in an educational context. A new experiment was carried out in which students were encouraged to intervene in a course by demonstrating the solution of a statistical exercise on the blackboard. According to the experiment, students were or were not briefly touched on the forearm by the teacher during the corrective exercise. After that, the teacher asked his students to demonstrate the exercise on the blackboard. The results showed that touching increases the volunteers’ rate. Various explanations (familiarity, status and mood) were suggested to explain such results.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas Guéguen
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire GRESICO, IUT de Vannes-Département TCUniversité de Bretagne-SudVannesFrance. e-mail