Research in Higher Education

, Volume 45, Issue 6, pp 625–649

Applying Holland's Typology to the Study of Differences in Student Views About Diversity

  • Paul D. Umbach
  • Jeffrey F. Milem

DOI: 10.1023/B:RIHE.0000040266.98138.dd

Cite this article as:
Umbach, P.D. & Milem, J.F. Research in Higher Education (2004) 45: 625. doi:10.1023/B:RIHE.0000040266.98138.dd


Using data from a survey of more that 1900 first-year students at a large research institution, this paper applies Holland's theory of personality and environment to examine the ways in which students view diversity. Holland categories, individual characteristics such as race and gender, and interactions with people of color prior to college, significantly predict students' beliefs and attitudes about issues related to diversity at the time that they enter college.

diversity Holland student majors 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul D. Umbach
    • 1
  • Jeffrey F. Milem
    • 2
  1. 1.Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research & Planning, National Survey of Student EngagementBloomingtonIN 47406-7512. E-mail:
  2. 2.Department of Education Policy and LeadershipUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkMD

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