, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 520-527

Influence of Aftercavity Interaction on Gyrotron Efficiency

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Abstract

We consider theoretically the influence of interaction of a used electron beam with a concurrent wave in the output waveguide transition outside the cavity on the efficiency and energy recovery in a powerful millimeter-wave gyrotron. Without energy recovery, parasitic interaction in the transition reduces the efficiency and output power of a gyrotron by 5–10%. In a gyrotron with energy recovery, losses due to interaction in the transition can become most significant compared with other losses, and the efficiency is reduced by 20–30%. The influence of the transition decreases with decreasing transition length and increasing ratio of the maximum radius to the minimum radius of the transition.