Linguistics and Philosophy

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 661–702

Performatives and Antiperformatives

  • Ingvar Johansson

DOI: 10.1023/B:LING.0000004557.12602.2c

Cite this article as:
Johansson, I. Linguistics and Philosophy (2003) 26: 661. doi:10.1023/B:LING.0000004557.12602.2c


The paper highlights a certain kind of self-falsifying utterance, which I shall call antiperformative assertions, not noted in speech-act theory thus far. By taking such assertions into account, the old question whether explicit performatives have a truth-value can be resolved. I shall show that explicit performatives are in fact self-verifyingly true, but they are not related to propositions the way ordinary assertions are; antiperformatives have the same unusual relation to propositions, but are self-falsifyingly false. Explicit performatives are speech acts performed in situations where it is important that the speaker is self-reflectively aware of what he is doing in the speech act. Antiperformatives, on the other hand, are speech acts performed in situations where lack of direct self-reflectiveness is required. In order to situate performatives and antiperformatives, the analysis is embedded within a more general discussion of self-falsifying and self-verifying assertions.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingvar Johansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyLinguistics Umeå UniversityUmeåSweden

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