Irrational Beliefs and the Experience and Expression of Anger

  • Ryan C. Martin
  • Eric R. Dahlen

DOI: 10.1023/B:JORE.0000011574.44362.8f

Cite this article as:
Martin, R.C. & Dahlen, E.R. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (2004) 22: 3. doi:10.1023/B:JORE.0000011574.44362.8f


The present study assessed rational-emotive theories of anger by examining the interrelationships of irrational beliefs and the experience and expression of anger. An audiotaped anger-provoking scenario was used to determine whether irrational beliefs predicted state anger and hostile thoughts following provocation. After completing measures of irrational beliefs, trait anger, and anger expression and control, 161 college students were exposed to the provoking stimulus, which was followed by measures of state anger and hostile thoughts. Findings showed both low frustration tolerance and awfulizing were related to trait anger, anger suppression, and outward anger expression. Only low frustration tolerance was related to state anger following provocation. However, awfulizing was associated with all hostile thoughts, and both self-directed shoulds and self-worth were associated with derogatory thoughts about others. Only awfulizing had incremental validity over trait anger, and then, only in the prediction of derogatory thoughts.

irrational beliefs anger hostile thoughts 

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan C. Martin
    • 1
  • Eric R. Dahlen
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Southern MississippiUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Southern MississippiHattiesburg

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