Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 107–123

Eddy Current Assessment of Near-Surface Residual Stress in Shot-Peened Nickel-Base Superalloys

  • Mark P. Blodgett
  • Peter B. Nagy

DOI: 10.1023/B:JONE.0000048866.40648.fe

Cite this article as:
Blodgett, M.P. & Nagy, P.B. Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation (2004) 23: 107. doi:10.1023/B:JONE.0000048866.40648.fe


It is shown in this paper that, in contrast with most other materials, shot-peened nickel-base superalloys exhibit an apparent increase in eddy current conductivity at increasing inspection frequencies, which can be exploited for nondestructive residual stress assessment of subsurface residual stresses. It has been found that the primary reason why nickel-base superalloys, which are often used in the most critical gas-turbine engine components, lend themselves easily for eddy current residual stress assessment lies in their favorable electro-elastic behavior, namely that the parallel stress coefficient of the eddy current conductivity has a large negative value while the normal coefficient is smaller but also negative. As a result, the average stress coefficient is also large and negative, therefore the essentially isotropic compressive plane state of stress produced by most surface treatments causes a significant increase in conductivity parallel to the surface. The exact reason for this unusual behavior is presently unknown, but the role of paramagnetic contributions cannot be excluded, therefore the measured quantity will be referred to as “apparent” eddy current conductivity. Experimental results are presented to demonstrate that the magnitude of the increase in apparent eddy current conductivity correlates well with the initial peening intensity as well as with the remnant residual stress after thermal relaxation.

Eddy current shot peening residual stress 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark P. Blodgett
    • 1
  • Peter B. Nagy
    • 2
  1. 1.Metals, Ceramics, and NDE DivisionAFRL, Wright-Patterson Air Force BaseDayton
  2. 2.Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering MechanicsUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnati

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