Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 30, Issue 8, pp 1493–1507

Male-Produced Aggregation Pheromone of the Cerambycid Beetle Neoclytus acuminatus acuminatus


  • Emerson S. Lacey
    • Department of EntomologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana
  • Matthew D. Ginzel
    • Department of EntomologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana
  • Jocelyn G. Millar
    • Department of EntomologyUniversity of California, Riverside
  • Lawrence M. Hanks
    • Department of EntomologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana

DOI: 10.1023/B:JOEC.0000042064.25363.42

Cite this article as:
Lacey, E.S., Ginzel, M.D., Millar, J.G. et al. J Chem Ecol (2004) 30: 1493. doi:10.1023/B:JOEC.0000042064.25363.42


This is the first fully verified report of an aggregation pheromone produced by a cerambycid beetle species. Field bioassays with adultNeoclytus acuminatus acuminatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) revealed that males produce a pheromone that attracts both sexes. Extracts of odors from males contained a single major male-specific compound, (2S,3S)-hexanediol. Field trials determined that both sexes were attracted by the racemic blend of (2S,3S)- and (2R,3R)-hexanediols and that activity was similar to enantiomerically enriched (2S,3S)-hexanediol (e.e. 80.2%). However, the blend of all four 2,3-hexanediol stereoisomers attracted few beetles, indicating inhibition by one or both of the (2R*,3S*)-stereoisomers. Females of the cerambycidCurius dentatus Newman were attracted to traps baited with the four component blend, suggesting that a male-produced sex pheromone for this species may contain (2R,3S)-hexanediol and/or (2S,3R)-hexanediol. The pheromone ofN. a. acuminatus, and presumed pheromone ofC. dentatus, bear structural similarities to those produced by males of six other species in the Cerambycinae (straight chains of 6, 8, or 10 carbons with hydroxyl or carbonyl groups at C2 and C3). It is likely that males of other species in this large subfamily produce pheromones that are variations on this structural motif.

SPMEred-headed ash borerNeoclytusCurius dentatussex pheromone(2S3S)-hexanediolwood-borer

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004