Laboratory and Field Responses of the Mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, to Plant-Derived Culex spp. Oviposition Pheromone and the Oviposition Cue Skatole
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Laboratory and field studies were conducted on the oviposition behavior of the pathogen-vectoring mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, in response to the oviposition pheromone 6-acetoxy-5-hexadecanolide, produced from a renewable plant resource, Kochia scoparia (Chenopodiaceae) (plant-derived pheromone, PDP), and via an established synthetic route (synthetic oviposition pheromone, SOP). Responses to the oviposition cue skatole (3-methylindole), presented individually and in combination with the plant-derived and synthetic oviposition pheromone, were also studied. Both laboratory and field assays showed that PDP and SOP were equally attractive. Synergistic effects were observed with one combination of PDP and skatole combinations in laboratory assays. Synergy was also observed under field conditions. SOP and skatole combinations showed additive effects in laboratory assays, but were not tested in field bioassays. Although synergism has been previously demonstrated with combinations of SOP and polluted waters, the work presented here is the first example of synergy between a specific oviposition attractant and the oviposition pheromone. Furthermore, the efficacy of mosquito pheromone produced from a cheap, renewable botanical source has been demonstrated.
- Beehler, J. W., Millar, J. G., Mulla, M. S. (1994) Field evaluation of synthetic compounds mediating oviposition in Culex mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 20: pp. 281-291
- Blackwell, A., Mordue, A. J., Hansson, B. S., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. A. (1993) A behavioural and electrophysiological study of oviposition cues for Culex quinquefasciatus. Physiol. Entomol. 18: pp. 343-348
- Dawson, G. W., Mudd, A. L., Pickett, J. A., Pile, M. M., Wadhams, L. J. (1990) Convenient synthesis of mosquito oviposition pheromone and a highly fluorinated analog retaining biological activity. J. Chem. Ecol. 16: pp. 1779-1789
- Donaldson, L. J. (2002) Getting Ahead of the Curve. A Strategy for Combating Infectious Diseases. UK Department of Health report, London
- Edwards, F. W. 1942. Mosquitoes of the Ethiopian Region III—Culicine Adults and Pupae. Adlard, London.
- Gillett, J. D. (1972) Common African Mosquitoes and Their Medical Importance. William Heinemann Medical Books, London
- Jonsson, N. N., Reid, S. W. J. (2000) Global climate change and vector-borne diseases. Vet. J. 160: pp. 87-89
- Laurence, B. R., Pickett, J. A. (1982) erythro-6-Acetoxy-5-hexadecanolide, the major component of an oviposition attractant pheromone. Chem. Commun. 1: pp. 59-60
- Mboera, L. E. G., Mdira, K. Y., Salum, F. M., Takken, W., Pickett, J. A. (1999) The influence of synthetic oviposition pheromone and volatiles from soakage pits and grass infusions upon oviposition site-selection of Culex mosquitoes in Tanzania. J. Chem. Ecol. 25: pp. 1855-1865
- Mboera, L. E. G., Takken, W., Mdira, K. Y., Chuwa, G. J., Pickett, J. A. (2000) Oviposition and behavioural responses of Culex quinquefasciatus to skatole and synthetic oviposition pheromone in Tanzania. J. Chem. Ecol. 26: pp. 1193-1203
- Mboera, L. E. G., Takken, W., Mdira, K. Y., Pickett, J. A. (2000) Sampling gravid Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera, Culicidae) using traps baited with synthetic oviposition pheromone and grass infusions in Tanzania. J. Med. Entomol. 33: pp. 172-176
- Millar, J. G., Chaney, J. D., Beehler, J. W., Mulla, M. S. (1994) Interaction of the Culex quinquefasciatus egg raft pheromone with a natural chemical associated with oviposition sites. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 10: pp. 374-379
- Millar, J. G., Chaney, J. D., Mulla, M. S. (1992) Identification of oviposition attractants for Culex quinquefasciatus from fermented Bermuda grass infusion. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 8: pp. 11-17
- Mordue, A. J., Blackwell, A., Hansson, B., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. A. (1992) Behavioural and physiological evaluation of oviposition attractants for Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Experientia 48: pp. 1109-1111
- Olagbemiro, T. O., Birkett, M. A., Mordue, A. J., Pickett, J. A. (1999) Production of (5R,6S)-6-acetoxy-5-hexadecanolide, the mosquito oviposition pheromone, from the seed oil of the Summer Cypress plant, Kochia scoparia (Chenopodiaceae). J. Agric. Food Chem. 47: pp. 3411-3415
- Otieno, W. A., Onyango, T. O., Pile, M. M., Laurence, B. R., Dawson, G. W., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. A. (1988) A field trial of the synthetic oviposition pheromone with Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera, Culicidae) in Kenya. Bull. Ent. Res. 78: pp. 463-470
- Pickett, J. A. and Woodcock, C. M. 1996. The role of mosquito olfaction in oviposition site location and in the avoidance of unsuitable hosts, pp. 109-123, in R. G.Bock and G.Cardew (eds.). Olfaction in Mosquito-Host Interactions. Wiley, Chichester, UK.
- Pinheiro, F. (1997) Global situation of dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, and its emergence in the Americas. World Health Stat. Q. 3-4: pp. 161-169
- Reiter, P. (1983) A portable battery-powered trap for collecting gravid Culex mosquitoes. Mosq. News 43: pp. 496-498
- Reiter, P. (1986) A standardized procedure for the quantitative surveillance of certain Culex mosquitoes by egg raft collection. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 2: pp. 219-221
- Riesen, W. K., Milby, M. M., Presser, S. B., Hardy, J. L. (1992) Ecology of mosquito and St. Louis encephalitis virus in Los Angeles basin of California. J. Med. Entomol. 29: pp. 582-598
- Turell, M. J., Sardelis, M. R., O'Guinn, M. L., and Dohm, D. J. 2002. Potential vectors of West Nile virus in North America, pp. 241–252, in J. S.McKenzie, A. D. T.Barrett, and V.Deubel (eds.). Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Japanese Encephalitis and West Nile Viruses. Springer, Berlin.
- WHO. 1992. Lymphatic Filariasis: The Disease and Its Control. WHO report, Geneva.
- WHO/CTD. 1998. Malaria Prevention and Control. WHO report, Geneva.
- Laboratory and Field Responses of the Mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, to Plant-Derived Culex spp. Oviposition Pheromone and the Oviposition Cue Skatole
Journal of Chemical Ecology
Volume 30, Issue 5 , pp 965-976
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Culex quinquefasciatus
- Kochia scoparia
- renewable resource
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafewa Balewa University, PMB 248, Bauchi, Nigeria
- 2. Biological Chemistry Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
- 3. Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, p, United Kingdom