Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 287–301

Hydroxybenzoic Acid Derivatives in a Nonhost Rutaceous Plant, Orixa japonica, Deter Both Oviposition and Larval Feeding in a Rutaceae-Feeding Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio xuthus L.


DOI: 10.1023/B:JOEC.0000017978.73061.a0

Cite this article as:
Ono, H., Kuwahara, Y. & Nishida, R. J Chem Ecol (2004) 30: 287. doi:10.1023/B:JOEC.0000017978.73061.a0


A Rutaceae-feeding swallowtail butterfly, Papilioxuthus L., feeds on various rutaceous plants but always rejects Orixajaponica Thunb. (Rutaceae). Females were strongly deterred from laying eggs by a methanolic extract of O. japonica leaves. Larvae also rejected a diet leaf medium impregnated with O. japonica leaf extracts. Several components in the water-soluble fraction of the leaf extract were found to deter both oviposition and feeding responses. Two major deterrent compounds were characterized as 5-{[2-O-(β-D-apiofuranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2-hydroxybenzoic acid and a disyringoyl aldaric acid. These compounds induced potent deterrence of both oviposition and larval feeding by P. xuthus, which suggests a congruent chemosensory mechanism of allomonal chemicals acting on both female tarsal chemoreceptors and larval maxillary taste receptors.

Papilioxuthus Orixajaponica Rutaceae oviposition deterrent feeding deterrent 5-{[2-O-(β-D-apiofuranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2- hydroxybenzoic acid aldaric acid disyringoyl ester host selection 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Chemical Ecology, Division of Applied Life SciencesGraduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan