Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 1635–1638

Bio-composites produced from plant microfiber bundles with a nanometer unit web-like network

Authors

  • H. Yano
    • Wood Research InstituteKyoto University
  • S. Nakahara
    • Wood Research InstituteKyoto University
Article

DOI: 10.1023/B:JMSC.0000016162.43897.0a

Cite this article as:
Yano, H. & Nakahara, S. Journal of Materials Science (2004) 39: 1635. doi:10.1023/B:JMSC.0000016162.43897.0a
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Abstract

Using plant microfiber bundles with a nanometer unit web-like network, a moulded product with a bending strength of 250 MPa was obtained without the use of binders. High interactive forces seem to be developed between pulp fibers owing to their nanometer unit web-like network. In other words, the area of possible contact points per fiber are increased, so that more hydrogen bonds might be formed or van der Waals forces increased. When 2% oxidized tapioca starch, by weight, was added, the yield strain doubled and the bending strength reached 310 MPa. The starch mixed moulded product had a similar stress strain curve to that for magnesium alloy, and three to four times higher Young's modulus and bending strength values than polycarbonate and GFRP (chopped). The mouldings have a combination of environmentally friendly and high strength properties.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004