Third-order optical nonlinearity and figure of merit of CdS nanocrystals chemically stabilized in spin-processable polymeric films
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- Lin, Y., Zhang, J., Kumacheva, E. et al. Journal of Materials Science (2004) 39: 993. doi:10.1023/B:JMSC.0000012932.23656.a9
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We report figure of merit for sub-picosecond nonlinearity at 815 nm for nanocrystals of CdS dispersed in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). CdS nanocrystals were successfully transferred from the aqueous to the organic phase and stabilized in PMMA films using a new chemical route. We report a nonlinear Kerr coefficient n2 of −(8.4 ± 0.4) × 10−14 cm2/W, and a one-photon figure of merit W = 1.2 for 3 wt% CdS-doped PMMA film. The results suggest the combined processibility and promising optical properties of such materials for use in transmission-mode optical switching and limiting devices based on ultrafast nonlinearity.