Hyperfine Interactions

, Volume 151, Issue 1, pp 145–153

Biological permanent magnets

  • Richard B. Frankel

DOI: 10.1023/B:HYPE.0000020407.25316.c3

Cite this article as:
Frankel, R.B. Hyperfine Interact (2003) 151: 145. doi:10.1023/B:HYPE.0000020407.25316.c3


Magnetotactic bacteria orient and migrate along magnetic field lines. Each cell is essentially a self-propelled magnetic dipole. The magnetic properties of these bacteria have been determined by a variety of techniques, including pulsed hysteresis measurements on single cells.

Key words

aerotaxiselectron holographygreigitemagnetitemagnetosomesmagnetotaxis

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard B. Frankel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsCalifornia Polytechnic State UniversitySan Luis ObispoUSA