, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 515-523

Documentation of immune profile of microglia through cell surface marker study in glioma model primed by a novel cell surface glycopeptide T11TS/SLFA-3

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Abstract

Statement of the Problem: The sheep erythrocyte membrane glycoprotein T11TS/SLFA-3 can form a ligand-receptor complex with CD2 present on immunocyte and exert stimuli for activation and proliferation. Regression of brain tumor with the application of T11TS indicates the probable role of microglia, the chief immunomodulatory cell within the brain compartment. In the present study microglial activation and immunophenotypic modulation were assessed in T11TS treated brain tumor-bearing animal models. Rat glioma models induced by chemical carcinogen ENU were treated with three consecutive doses of T11TS. Microglial cells from brain were isolated and assessed through E-rosette formation, SEM and FACS for CD2, MHC class II, CD25, and CD4. The preliminary indication of presence of CD2 on microglia through E-rosette formation was confirmed by SEM and FACS. MHC class II and CD2 single and double positive subpopulations exist, and their expression is also modulated in different doses of T11TS. A general trend of highest receptor saturation and microglial activation, measured through the activation marker CD25 and CD4 expression, was observed in 2nd dose of T11TS administration, which was then dampened via a complex immune feedback mechanism in the 3rd dose. Published in 2004.