Article

GeoJournal

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 159-168

First online:

Water resource impacts of climate change in southwestern Bulgaria

  • Heejun ChangAffiliated withDepartment of Geography, Portland State University
  • , C. Gregory KnightAffiliated withDepartment of Geography, Pennsylvania State University
  • , Marieta P. StanevaAffiliated withPennsylvania State University (Altoona Campus)Center for Integrated Regional Assessment, Pennsylvania State University
  • , Deyan KostovAffiliated withIndependent Scholar

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Abstract

This study assesses the regional impact of climate change on runoff in a mountainous region of southwestern Bulgaria. A GIS-based distributed hydrologic model and two climate change scenarios – HadCM2 and CCC – were employed for years around 2025 and 2085. Results from both scenarios demonstrate the basin's sensitivity of runoff to climate change, which produce significant spatial and temporal changes in the basin's water yield with maximum runoff shift into early spring and further decreases in summer runoff. There could be no reduction in mean annual runoff, except under the Hadley scenario by 2085. Changes in the magnitude of mean monthly and peak flow are associated with early snowmelt and a reduction in snow cover in spring. Increases in spatial variability of runoff reflect the basin's complex physiographic characteristics. The increase of spatial and temporal variability in runoff points to different strategies for future water resource management.

Bulgaria climate change runoff spatial and temporal variability GIS