, Volume 49, Issue 7-8, pp 1128-1135

Double-Peaked High-Pressure Zone at the Esophagogastric Junction in Controls and in Patients with a Hiatal Hernia: A Study Using High-Resolution Manometry

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Abstract

The lower esophageal high-pressure zone (HPZ) consists of the intrinsic lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the diaphragmatic sphincter. In patients with a hiatal hernia these constituents are separated. We performed high-resolution manometry of the esophagogastric HPZ in six controls, six patients with a small hernia, and six patients with a large hernia. Prevalence of a double-peak pressure profile of the HPZ was noted. Pressures and distances between the peaks were assessed. Prevalence of the double-peak profile was similar between patients with a small hernia and controls, but patients with a large hernia showed a higher prevalence with inspiration (P<0.05) than the others. The distance between the two peaks was larger in patients with a large hernia (P<0.05). In conclusion, high-resolution manometry makes it possible to distinguish the diaphragmatic pressure component from the LES. Two pressure peaks can be found both in hernia patients and in healthy volunteers.