, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 584-590

Roles of Different Types of Excretions in Mediated Communication by Scent Marks of the Common Palm Civet, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Pallas, 1777 (Mammalia, Carnivora)

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Abstract

We studied scent-marking behavior, olfactory response to various excretions (secretion of the perineal gland, urine, and feces), as well as the information content of these excretions in the common palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Pallas, 1777). Six forms of scent-marking behavior have been described. The activity and proportion of forms of such behavior differ in males and females. Dragging the perineal gland and leaving the secretion on the substrate was most commonly observed in the animals of both sexes. The olfactory response of the palm civet varied in duration and depended both on animal sex and excretion type. The palm civet could distinguish animal species, sex, and familiar/unfamiliar individuals by the odor of the perineal gland secretion. Differences in the olfactory response of the palm civet to feces was observed only if they belonged to different species. The scent marks of the perineal gland were most significant in mediated communication by scent marks of the palm civet; they completely replicated the information of the urine marks.