Asia Pacific Journal of Management

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 535–559

Development and Validation of a Forced Choice Emotional Intelligence Measure for Chinese Respondents in Hong Kong

  • Chi-Sum Wong
  • Kenneth S. Law
  • Ping-Man Wong

DOI: 10.1023/B:APJM.0000048717.31261.d0

Cite this article as:
Wong, CS., Law, K.S. & Wong, PM. Asia Pacific Journal of Management (2004) 21: 535. doi:10.1023/B:APJM.0000048717.31261.d0


Emotional intelligence (EI) has been an emerging topic for psychological, educational, and management researchers and consultants in recent years. Unfortunately, there have been relatively few empirical studies on EI conducted with scientific rigor, especially in Asia. A recent study clarified the definition of EI as a set of mental abilities related to emotions, and developed a self-report EI measure by demonstrating the relationships between EI and life satisfaction, job performance, and job satisfaction for Chinese respondents. To facilitate future EI research and EI-related human resource practices in Asia, we develop an alternative EI measure in this series of four studies using forced choice items. Scenarios with alternative responses showing different levels of EI were generated in the first study, and 20 items were selected empirically. In the second study, pairs of abilities were generated and 20 EI items were paired with various ability facets. In the third study, we examined the social desirability of the 40 items developed in the first two studies. In the fourth study, these 40 EI items were cross-validated. The results indicated that this forced choice EI-scale had acceptable convergent, discriminant and predictive validity using life satisfaction, job performance, and job satisfaction as criterion variables. We discussed the implications of our findings in the conclusion.

emotional intelligence forced choice EI measure 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chi-Sum Wong
    • 1
  • Kenneth S. Law
    • 2
  • Ping-Man Wong
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ManagementThe Chinese University of Hong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of Management of OrganizationsHong Kong University of Science and TechnologyKowloonHong Kong
  3. 3.Department of Educational Policy and AdministrationHong Kong Institute of EducationHong Kong