, Volume 24, Issue 7, pp 431-438

The entire cDNA sequences of projectin isoforms of crayfish claw closer and flexor muscles and their localization

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Abstract

Projectin is a giant protein related to twitchin and titin/connectin, that is found in arthropod striated muscle. The complete sequence of a 1 MDa projectin from Drosophila muscle was recently deduced from a thorough analysis of the genomic DNA (Southgate and Ayme-Southgate, 2001). Here we report the complete sequence for projectin from crayfish claw closer muscle (8625 residues; 962,634 Da). The N-terminal sequence contains 12 unique 19-residue repeats rich in glutamic acid (E) and lysine (K). This region, termed the EK region, is clearly distinguishable from the PEVK-like domain of Drosophila projectin. The sequence of crayfish flexor projectin differs from that of closer muscle projectin in that there is a 114-residue deletion and a 35-residue insertion in the N-terminal region. Immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated that projectin is mainly localized within the sarcomeric A band in both closer and flexor muscles, although the N-terminal region was shown to extrude into the I band region. In the closer muscles, invertebrate connectin (D-titin) connects the Z line to the edge of the A band (Fukuzawa et al., 2001). We have shown that invertebrate connectin is also present in flexor muscle sarcomeres, although in very low abundance.

This revised version was published online in July 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.