, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 253-256

Helicobacter pylori Infection and Atrophic Gastritis (A Nested Case-Control Study in a Rural Town in Japan)

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Abstract

A seroepidemiologic, nested case-control studywas conducted to evaluate the risk for atrophicgastritis associated with Helicobacter pylori infection.Atrophic gastritis was diagnosed on the basis of serum pepsinogen levels: pepsinogen I level≤70 ng/ml and pepsinogen I/pepsinogen II ratio≤3.0. Cases were 23 men and 39 women who were notdiagnosed with atrophic gastritis in 1987, but who were diagnosed with the condition in 1992. Controlswere the 120 men and 282 women who did not meet theserologic criteria for atrophic gastritis in either timeperiod. Neither cases nor controls had a history of upper gastrointestinal operations.Helicobacter pylori infection at the initial survey wasassociated with a significantly increased risk ofatrophic gastritis incidence for both sexes combined(odds ratio = 3.72; 95% confidence interval,1.78-7.79; P = 0.0005). Cigarette smoking andconsumption of alcohol and green-yellow vegetables werenot associated with incidence of atrophicgastritis.