A change from grass pollen induced allergy to tree pollen induced allergy: 30 years of pollen observation in Switzerland
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Pollen monitoring with a Hirst like pollen trap for 30 years in Basel, Switzerland allows understanding of the behaviour of the different plants producing allergenic pollens. It becomes evident that in this time period the different tree pollen like Hazel and Birch increased, whereas in the control, the observed amount of a herb pollen like Artemisa did not change. Moreover, it was observed that in the different trees flowering took place earlier namely at the beginning of the year. This was especially impressive for Hazel, where flowering was shifted ofmore than one month.
These aerobiological observations were supported and confirmed by some epidemiological studies, showing that tree pollen allergy has become more important in the last years compared to grass pollen allergy and herb pollen allergy.
The reason for the increase of tree pollen counts and the shift in the flowering time depends on the observed increase of the annual temperature, an increased input of nutrients like CO2or NOx but probably also a real increase of certain trees, like birch for example, in parks and avenues.
- Emberlin J., Mullins J., Corden J., Millington W., Brooke M., Savage M. and Jones S.: 1997, The trend to earlier Birch pollen season in the U.K.: A biotic response to changes in weather conditions? Grana 36, 29–33. CrossRef
- Frenguelli G., Bricchi E., Romano B., Mincigrucci G., Ferranti F. and Antognozzi E.: 1992, The role of air temperature in determining dormancy release and flowering of Corylus avellana L. Aerobiologia 8, 415–418. CrossRef
- Frenguelli G., Ferranti F., Romano B., Bricchi E., Mincigrucci G., Fornaciari M. and Spieksma F.Th.M.: 1993, Temperature influence on differentiation and release of hazel pollen. Allergie et Immunologie 25, 147–149.
- Frenguelli G., Ferranti F., Tedeschini E. and Andreutti R.: 1997, Volume changes in the pollen grain of Corylus avellana L. (Corylaceae) during development. Grana 36, 289–292.
- Frei Th., Oertmann Ch. and Bergmann K.-Ch.: 1998a, Vergleich von Pollenflugdaten und pollenassoziiertem oralem Allergie-Syndrom. Allergologie 21, 98–104.
- Frei Th.: 1998b, The effects of climate change in Switzerland 1969– 1996 on airborne pollen quantities from hazel, birch and grass. Grana 37, 172–179.
- Frei Th.: 1999, Pollenasthma in der Schweiz 1993–1997. Allergologie 22, 382–387.
- Hirst, J.M.: 1952, An automatic volumetric spore trap. Annual Applied Biology 39, 257–265. CrossRef
- Jäger S., Nilsson S., Berggren B., Pessi A.-M., Helander M. and Ramfjord H.: 1996, Trends of some airborne tree pollen in the Nordic countries and Austria, 1980–1993. Grana 35, 171–178.
- Nowak D., Wichmann H.E. and Magnussen H.: 1998, Asthma and atopy in Western and Eastern communities – current status and open questions. Clinical and Experimental Allergy 28, 1043–1046. CrossRef
- Leuschner R.M.: 1974, Luftpollenbestimmung in Basel während der Jahre 1969 und 1970. Verhandl Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Basel 84, 521–626.
- Leuschner R.M.: 1991, Comparison of airborne pollen levels in Switzerland at four recording stations in Davos, Lucerne Nyon and Basle during 1989. International Journal of Biometeorolgy 35.
- Leuschner R.M.: 1994, Vergleich der Luftpollen an drei Messstellen: Davos-Wolfgang, Wiesen GR und Basel. Allergologie 17, 505–508.
- Miglietta F., Tanasescu M. and Marica, A.: 1995, The expected effects of climate change on wheat development. Global Change Biology 1, 407–415. CrossRef
- Spieksma F.Th.M., Emberlin J.C., Hjelmroos M., Jäger S. and Leuschner R.M.: 1995, Atmospheric birch (Betula) pollen in Europe: Trends and fluctuations in annual quantities and the starting dates of the seasons. Grana 34, 51–57.
- Weatherhead E., Reinsel G.C., Tiao C., Meng X-L., Choi D., Cheang W-K., Keller T., DeLuisi J., Wuebbles D.J., Kerr J.B., Miller A.J., Oltmans S.J. and Frederick J.E.: 1998, Factors affecting the detection of trends: Statistical considerations and applications to environmental data. Journal of Geophysical Research 103, 17149–17161. CrossRef
- Wüthrich B.: 1989, Epidemiology of the allergic diseases: Are they really in the increase? International Archives Allergy Applied Immunology 90, 3–10.
- Wüthrich B., Peeters A.G., Schindler Ch., Brändli O. and SAPALDIA-Team: 1994, Prevalence of atopy, hay fever and asthma in eight areas of Switzerland (SAPALDIA-Study). ACI News Supplementum 2, 112.
- A change from grass pollen induced allergy to tree pollen induced allergy: 30 years of pollen observation in Switzerland
Volume 16, Issue 3-4 , pp 407-416
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- global change
- long-term trends
- tree pollen