Systemic Practice and Action Research

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 733-755

First online:

An Idea Ahead of Its Time: The History and Development of Soft Systems Methodology

  • John MingersAffiliated withWarwick Business School, Warwick University

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This paper, part of the Festschrift for Peter Checkland, provides an outline of the history and development of soft systems methodology. It includes a personal reflection on my experiences of SSM, as well as a more objective evaluation of its achievements and limitations.

development of soft systems methodology Peter Checkland SSM