Relationship Between Obsessive Beliefs and Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between symptom presentation in obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) and dysfunctional beliefs hypothesized to relate to OCD. Five-hundred sixty two undergraduates completed self-report measures of OCD symptoms and OCD-related beliefs, as well as measures of social anxiety and depression. The tendency to overestimate threat significantly predicted the OCD symptom domains of washing, checking/doubting, obsessing, mental neutralizing, and hoarding. Perceived need to control one's thoughts predicted obsessing. Perceived importance of thoughts predicted neutralizing. Perfectionism beliefs predicted ordering. Although the relationship between dysfunctional beliefs and OCD remained significant when controlling for social anxiety and depression, Threat Estimation and Perfectionism showed a moderate relationship with these variables as well. Thus, although some dysfunctional beliefs show a specific relationship to OCD, others may reflect broader forms of psychopathology.
- Abramowitz, J. S., Whiteside, S., Kalsy, S., & Tolin, D. F. (2003). Thought control strategies in obsessive–compulsive disorder: A replication and extension. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 529-540.
- Amir, N., Freshman, M., Ramsey, B., Neary, E., & Brigidi, B. (2001). Thought-action fusion in individuals with OCD symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 765-776.
- Beck, A. T., Emery, G., & Greenberg, R. L. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York: Basic Books.
- Bieling, P. J., & Alden, L. E. (1997). The consequences of perfectionism for patients with social phobia. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36(Pt. 3), 387-395.
- Breslau, N. (1985). Depressive symptoms, major depression, and generalized anxiety: A comparison of self-reports on CES-D and results from diagnostic interviews. Psychiatry Research, 15, 219-229.
- Burns, G. L., Formea, G. M., Keortge, S., & Sternberger, L. G. (1995). The utilization of nonpatient samples in the study of obsessive compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 133-144.
- Butler, G., & Mathews, A. (1983). Cognitive processes in anxiety. Advances in Behavior Therapy, 5, 51-62.
- Carr, A. T. (1974). Compulsive neurosis: A review of the literature. Psychological Bulletin, 81, 311-318.
- Enns, M. W., & Cox, B. J. (1999). Perfectionism and depression symptom severity in major depressive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 783-794.
- Foa, E. B., Franklin, M. E., Perry, K. J., & Herbert, J. D. (1996). Cognitive biases in generalized social phobia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 433-439.
- Foa, E. B., Huppert, J. D., Leiberg, S., Langner, R., Kichic, R., Hajcak, G., et al. (2002). The Obsessive–Compulsive Inventory: Development and validation of a short version. Psychological Assessment, 14, 485-496.
- Foa, E. B., & Kozak, M. J. (1986). Emotional processing of fear: Exposure to corrective information. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 20-35. CrossRef
- Foa, E. B., Kozak, M. J., Salkovskis, P. M., Coles, M. E., & Amir, N. (1998). The validation of a new obsessive compulsive disorder scale: The Obsessive Compulsive Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 10, 206-214.
- Foa, E. B., Sacks, M. B., Tolin, D. F., Przeworski, A., & Amir, N. (2002). Perception of responsibility for harm in OCD with checking and non-checking compulsions: A replication and extension. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 16, 443-453.
- Frost, R. O., Lahart, C. M., Dugas, K. M., & Sher, K. J. (1988). Information processing among nonclinical compulsives. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 26, 275-277.
- Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (1997). Perfectionism in obsessive–compulsive disorder patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 291-296.
- Iketani, T., Kiriike, N., Stein, M. B., Nagao, K., Nagata, T., Minamikawa, N., et al. (2002). Relationship between perfectionism, personality disorders and agoraphobia in patients with panic disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106, 171-178.
- Knight, R. G., Williams, S., McGee, R., & Olaman, S. (1997). Psychometric properties of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in a sample of women in middle life. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 373-380.
- Leckman, J. F., Grice, D. E., Boardman, J., Zhang, H., Vitale, A., Bondi, C., et al. (1997). Symptoms of obsessive–compulsive disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 911-917.
- Leckman, J. F., Walker, D. E., Goodman, W. K., Pauls, D. L., & Cohen, D. J. (1994). “Just right” perceptions associated with compulsive behavior in Tourette's syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 675-680.
- Miguel, E. C., do Rosario-Campos, M. C., Prado, H. S., do Valle, R., Rauch, S. L., Coffey, B. J., et al. (2000). Sensory phenomena in obsessive–compulsive disorder and Tourette's disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 61, 150-156.
- Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group. (1997). Cognitive assessment of obsessive–compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 667-681.
- Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group. (2001). Development and initial validation of the obsessive beliefs questionnaire and the interpretation of intrusions inventory. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 987-1006.
- Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group. (2003). Psychometric validation of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire and the Interpretation of Intrusions Inventory: Part 2. Manuscript in preparation.
- Otto, M. W. (1992). Normal and abnormal information processing. A neuropsychological perspective on obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 15, 825-848.
- Pratt, E. M., Telch, C. F., Labouvie, E. W., Wilson, G. T., & Agras, W. S. (2001). Perfectionism in women with binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 177-186.
- Purdon, C., & Clark, D. A. (1994). Obsessive intrusive thoughts in nonclinical subjects. Part II. Cognitive appraisal, emotional response and thought control strategies. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 32, 403-410.
- Rachman, S. (1998). A cognitive theory of obsessions: Elaborations. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 385-401. CrossRef
- Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 985-401.
- Salkovskis, P. M. (1985). Obsessional–compulsive problems: A cognitive-behavioural analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 23, 571-583.
- Salkovskis, P. M. (1999). Understanding and treating obsessive–compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, S29-S52. CrossRef
- Salkovskis, P. M., Shafran, R., Rachman, S., & Freeston, M. H. (1999). Multiple pathways to inflated responsibility beliefs in obsessional problems: Possible origins and implications for therapy and research. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 1055-1072.
- Salkovskis, P. M., Wroe, A. L., Gledhill, A., Morrison, N., Forrester, E., Richards, C.,et al. (2000). Responsibility attitudes and interpretations are characteristic of obsessive compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 347-372.
- Shafran, R., Thordarson, D. S., & Rachman, S. (1996). Thought-action fusion in obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 10, 379-391. CrossRef
- Tolin, D. F., Abramowitz, J. S., Brigidi, B. D., & Foa, E. B. (2003). Intolerance of uncertainty in obsessive–compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 17, 233-242.
- Tolin, D. F., Abramowitz, J. S., Hamlin, C., Foa, E. B., & Synodi, D. S. (2002). Attributions for thought suppression failure in obsessive–compulsive disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 26, 505-517.
- Tolin, D. F., Abramowitz, J. S., Przeworski, A., & Foa, E. B. (2002). Thought suppression in obsessive–compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 1255-1274.
- Tolin, D. F., Hamlin, C., & Foa, E. B. (2002). Directed forgetting in obsessive–compulsive disorder: Replication and extension. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 793-803.
- Watson, D., & Friend, R. (1969). Measurement of social-evaluative anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 33, 448-457.
- Williams, J. M. G., Watts, F. N., MacLeod, C., & Mathews, A. (1997). Cognitive psychology and emotional disorders (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.
- Woods, C. M., Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (2002). Obsessive–Compulsive (OC) symptoms and subjective severity, probability, and coping ability estimations of future negative events. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 9, 104-111.
- Wroe, A. L., & Salkovskis, P. M. (2000). Causing harm and allowing harm: A study of beliefs in obsessional problems. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 1141-1162.
- Relationship Between Obsessive Beliefs and Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms
Cognitive Therapy and Research
Volume 27, Issue 6 , pp 657-669
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- obsessive–compulsive disorder