Landscape Ecology

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 591–603

Aspen structure and variability in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA

Authors

  • Margot W. Kaye
    • Department of Forest SciencesColorado State University
  • Thomas J. Stohlgren
    • USGS, Natural Resource Ecology LaboratoryColorado State University
  • Dan Binkley
    • Department of Forest SciencesColorado State University
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1026065826336

Cite this article as:
Kaye, M.W., Stohlgren, T.J. & Binkley, D. Landscape Ecology (2003) 18: 591. doi:10.1023/A:1026065826336

Abstract

Elk, fire and climate have influenced aspen populations in the Rocky Mountains, but mostly subjective studies have characterized these factors. A broad-scale perspective may shed new light on the status of aspen in the region. We collected field measurements of aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) patches encountered within 36 randomly located belt transects in 340 km2 of Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, to quantify the aspen population. Aspen covered 5.6% of the area in the transects, much more than expected based on previously collected remotely sensed data. The distribution and structure of aspen patches were highly heterogeneous throughout the study area. Of the 123 aspen patches encountered in the 238 ha surveyed, all but one showed signs of elk browsing or had conifer species mixed with the aspen stems. No significant difference occurred in aspen basal area, density, regeneration, browsing of regeneration and patch size, between areas of concentrated elk use (elk winter range) and areas of dispersed elk use (elk summer range). Two-thirds of the aspen patches were mixed with conifer species. We concluded that the population of aspen in our study area is highly variable in structure and that, at a landscape-scale, evidence of elk browsing is widespread but evidence of aspen decline is not.

Belt transectsAspen declineConifer invasionElk browsingPopulus tremuloides

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003