Home-Based Behavioral Treatment of Young Children with Autism
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study evaluated the impact of intensive behavioral treatment on the development of young autistic children. The treatment reported in this study was home based and was implemented by parents of autistic children with the assistance of community-based clinicians. Although treatment was unable to be observed directly, parents reported that therapy was based on methods developed by Lovaas et al. (1981). Treatment differed from that described in previous reports of intensive behavior therapy for this population in that it was implemented outside an academic setting and for a shorter period. In addition, children received fewer hours per week of therapy than in previous reports. Children in the experimental treatment group were pairwise matched to children in a control group (who received conventional school-based and brief one-on-one interventions) on the basis of pretreatment chronological and mental age, diagnosis (autism vs. PDD), and length of treatment. The groups did not differ on pretreatment IQ. Children receiving the experimental treatment had significantly higher posttreatment IQ scores. Smaller, but still statistically significant effects on symptom severity were also found, though experimental subjects still met diagnostic criteria for autism or PDD.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., Rev.). Washington DC: Author.
- Bayley, N. (1969). Bayley Scales of Infant Development: Manual. Cleveland, OH: Psychological Corp.
- Casey, R. J., & Berman, J. S. (1985). The outcome of psychotherapy with children. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 388–400.
- Cattell, P. (1940). The measurement of intelligence of infants and young children. Lancaster, PA: Science.
- Harris, S. L., Handleman, J. S., Gordon, R., Kristoff, B., & Fuentes, F. (1991). Changes in cognitive and language functioning of preschool children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 21, 281–290.
- Kazdin, A. E. (1993). Replication and extension of behavioral treatment of autistic disorder. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97, 377–379.
- Koegel, L. K., Koegel, R. L., Hurley, C., & Frea, W. D. (1992). Improving social skills and disruptive behaviors in children with autism through self management. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 25, 341–353.
- Lovaas, O. I. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 3–9.
- Lovaas, O. I., Ackerman, A. B., Alexander, D., Firestone, P., Perkins, J., & Young, D. (1981). Teaching developmentally disabled children: The me book. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
- McEachin, J. J., Smith, T., & Lovaas, O. I. (1993). Long term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioral treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97, 359–372.
- Mundy, P. (1993). Normal functioning versus high-functioning status in children with autism. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97, 381–384.
- Schopler, E., Short, A., & Mesibov, G. (1989). Relation of behavioral treatment to “normal functioning”: Comment on Lovaas. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 162–164.
- Siegel, B. (1991). Diagnostic assessment of autistic disorder using a standardized play session. In C. Schaefer, K. Gitlin, & A. Sandgrund (Eds.), Play diagnosis and assessment. New York: Wiley.
- Stahmer, A. C., & Schreibman, L. (1992). Teaching children with autism appropriate play in unsupervised environments using a self management training package. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, 447–459.
- Stutsman, R. (1948). Merrill-Polmer Scale of Mental Tests. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
- Wechsler, D. (1967). Manual for the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence. Cleveland, OH: Psychological Corp.
- Weisz, J. R., Weiss, B., & Donenberg, G. R. (1992). The lab versus the clinic: Effects of child and adolescent psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 47, 1578–1585.
- Weisz, J. R., Weiss, B., Han, S. S., Granger, D. A., & Morton, T. (1995). Effects of psychotherapy with children and adolescents revisited: A meta-analysis of treatment outcome studies. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 450–468.
- Home-Based Behavioral Treatment of Young Children with Autism
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 28, Issue 1 , pp 15-23
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Behavioral treatment
- early intervention
- Industry Sectors