Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 121–132

Psychiatric Disorders Associated with Substance Use Among Children and Adolescents: Findings from the Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders (MECA) Study

  • Denise B. Kandel
  • Jeffrey G. Johnson
  • Hector R. Bird
  • Glorisa Canino
  • Sherryl H. Goodman
  • Benjamin B. Lahey
  • Darrel A. Regier
  • Mary Schwab-Stone
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1025779412167

Cite this article as:
Kandel, D.B., Johnson, J.G., Bird, H.R. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (1997) 25: 121. doi:10.1023/A:1025779412167

Abstract

The relationships between specific quantities and frequencies of alcohol, cigarette, and illicit substance use and substance use (SUD) and other psychiatric disorders were investigated among 1,285 randomly selected children and adolescents, aged 9 to 18, and their parents, from the Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders (MECA) Study. Logistic regressions indicated that daily cigarette smoking, weekly alcohol consumption, and any illicit substance use in the past year were each independently associated with an elevated likelihood of diagnosis with SUD and other psychiatric disorders (anxiety, mood, or disruptive behavior disorders), controlling for sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, ethnicity, family income). The associations between the use of specific substances and specific psychiatric disorders varied as a function of gender.

Substance usepsychiatric disordersadolescents

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denise B. Kandel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jeffrey G. Johnson
    • 3
  • Hector R. Bird
    • 4
  • Glorisa Canino
    • 5
  • Sherryl H. Goodman
    • 6
  • Benjamin B. Lahey
    • 7
  • Darrel A. Regier
    • 8
  • Mary Schwab-Stone
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and School of Public HealthColumbia University, College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew York
  2. 2.Department of the Epidemiology of Substance AbuseNew York State Psychiatric InstituteNew York
  3. 3.Biometrics ResearchNew York State Psychiatric InstituteNew York
  4. 4.Department of Child PsychiatryColumbia UniversityNew York
  5. 5.Behavioral Sciences InstituteUniversity of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences CampusSan JuanPuerto Rico
  6. 6.Department of PsychologyEmory UniversityAtlanta
  7. 7.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ChicagoChicago
  8. 8.Division of Epidemiology and Services ResearchNational Institute on Mental HealthBethesda
  9. 9.Yale Child Study CenterYale University School of MedicineNew Haven