Achanta, S. and Cushman, J. H.: 1994, Non-equilibrium swelling and capillary pressure relations for colloidal systems, *J. Colloid Interf. Sci.*
**168**, 266-268.

Achanta, S., Cushman, J. H. and Okos, M. R.: 1994, On multicomponent, multiphase thermomechanics with interfaces, *Int. J. Eng. Sci.*
**32**(11), 1717-1738.

Bear, J.: 1972, *Dynamics of Fluids in Porous Media*, Dover, New York.

Bennethum, L. S.: 1994, Multiscale, hybrid mixture theory for swelling systems with interfaces, PhD Thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 47907.

Bennethum, L. S. and Cushman, J. H.: 1996a, Multiscale, hybrid mixture theory for swelling systems. I. Balance laws, *Int. J. Eng. Sci.*
**34**(2), 125-145.

Bennethum, L. S. and Cushman, J. H.: 1996b, Multiscale, hybrid mixture theory for swelling systems. II. Constitutive theory, *Int. J. Eng. Sci.*
**34**(2), 147-169.

Bennethum, L. S. and Cushman, J. H.: 1999, Coupled solvent and heat transport of a mixture of swelling porous particles and fluids: single time-scale problem, *Transport Porous Med.*
**36**(2), 211-244.

Bennethum, L. S. and Cushman, J. H.: 2002a, Multicomponent, multiphase thermodynamics of swelling porous media with electroquasistatics. I. Macroscale field equations, *Transport Porous Med.*
**47**(3), 309-336.

Bennethum, L. S. and Cushman, J. H.: 2002b, Multicomponent, multiphase thermodynamics of swelling porous media with electroquasistatics. I. Constitutive theory, *Transport Porous Med.*
**47**(3), 337-362.

Bennethum, L. S. and Giorgi, T.: 1997, Generalized forchheimer law for two-phase flow based on hybrid mixture theory, *Transport Porous Med.*
**26**(3), 261-275.

Bennethum, L. S., Murad, M. A. and Cushman, J. H.: 1996, Clarifying mixture theory and the macroscale chemical potential for porous media, *Int. J. Eng. Sci.*
**34**(14), 1611-1621.

Bennethum, L. S., Murad, M. A. and Cushman, J. H.: 1997, Modified Darcy's law, terzaghi's effective stress principle and fick's law for swelling clay soils, *Comput. Geotech.*
**20**(3/4), 245-266.

Bennethum, L. S., Murad, M. A. and Cushman, J. H.: 2000, Macroscale thermodynamics and the chemical potential for swelling porous media, *Transport Porous Med.*
**39**(2), 187-225.

Bowen, R. M.: 1976, Theory of mixtures, in: A. C. Eringen (ed.), *Continuum Physics*, Academic Press, New York.

Bowen, R. M.: 1982, Compressible porous media models by use of the theory of mixtures, *Int. J. Eng. Sci.*
**20**, 697-735.

Callen, H. B.: 1985, *Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics*, Wiley, New York.

Coleman, B. D. and Noll, W.: 1963, The thermodynamics of elastic materials with heat conduction and viscosity, *Arch. Ration. Mech. An.*
**13**, 167-178.

Darcy, H.: 1856, *Les Fontaines Publiques de la Ville de Dijon*, Dalmont, Paris.

de la Cruz, V., Sahay, P. N. and Spanos, T. J. T.: 1993, Thermodynamics of porous media, *P. Roy. Soc. Lond. A. Mat.*
**443**, 247-255.

Eringen, A. C.: 1967, *Mechanics of Continua*, Wiley, New York.

Gray, W. G.: 1999, Thermodynamics and constitutive theory for multiphase porous-media flow considering internal geometric constraints, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**22**(5), 521-547.

Gray, W. G. and Hassanizadeh, S. M.: 1998, Macroscale continuum mechanics for multiphase porous-media flow including phases, interfaces, common lines, and common points, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**21**(4), 261-281.

Hassanizadeh, S.M.: 1986a, Derivation of basic equations of mass transport in porous media. Part 1. Macroscopic balance laws, *Adv. Water Resour.*, **9**, 196-206.

Hassanizadeh, S. M.: 1986b, Derivation of basic equations of mass transport in porous media. Part 2. Generalized Darcy's and Fick's laws, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**9**, 207-222.

Hassanizadeh, S.M. and Gray,W. G.: 1979a, General conservation equations for multiphase systems. 1. Averaging procedure, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**2**, 131-144.

Hassanizadeh, S.M. and Gray,W. G.: 1979b, General conservation equations for multiphase systems. 2. Mass, momenta, energy, and entropy equations, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**2**, 191-208.

Hassanizadeh, S.M. and Gray, W. G.: 1980, General conservation equations for multiphase systems. 3. Constitutive theory for porous media, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**3**, 25-40.

Hassanizadeh, S. M. and Gray, W. G.: 1987, High velocity flow in porous media, *Transport Porous Med.* 2, 521-531.

Hassanizadeh, S. M. and Gray, W. G.: 1990, Mechanics and thermodynamics of multiphase flow in porous media including interphase boundaries, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**13**, 169-186.

Hassanizadeh, S. M. and Gray, W. G.: 1993a, Thermodynamic basis of capillary pressure in porous media, *Water Resour. Res.*
**29**(10), 3389-3405.

Hassanizadeh, S. M. and Gray, W. G.: 1993b, Toward an improved description of the physics of two-phase flow, *Adv. Water Resour.*
**16**, 53-67.

Low, P. F.: 1980, The swelling of clay. II. Montmorillonites-water systems, *Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.*
**44**, 667-676.

Low, P. F.: 1987, Structural component of the swelling pressure of clays, *Langmuir*
**3**, 18-25.

Low, P. F.: 1994, The clay/water interface and its role in the environment, in: *Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science*, Vol. **40**, pp. 500-505.

Malvern, L. E.: 1969, *Introduction to the Mechanics of a Continuous Medium*, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Murad, M. A., Bennethum, L. S. and Cushman, J. H.: 1995, A multi-scale theory of swelling porous media. I. Application to one-dimensional consolidation, *Transport Porous Med.*
**19**, 93-122.

Nemat-Nasser, S.: 2002, Micromechanics of actuation of ionic polymer-metal composites, *J. Appl. Phys.*
**92**(5), 2899-2915.

Pride, S. R., Gangi, A. F. and Morgan, F. D.: 1992, Deriving the equations of motion for porous isotropic media, *J. Acoust. Soc. Am.*
**92**(6), 3278-3290.

Spanos, T. J. T.: 2001, *The Thermodynamics of Porous Media*, Chapman & Hall/CRC Press, New York.

Terzaghi, K.: 1943, *Theoretical Soil Mechanics*, Wiley, New York.

Thomas, N. L. and Windle, A. H.: 1982, A theory of case II diffusion, *Polymer*
**23**, 529-542.