Rape Myth Acceptance and Sociodemographic Characteristics: A Multidimensional Analysis
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Many myths have been identified surrounding rape, rapists, and rape victims. This study reexamines the acceptance of rape myths across gender role ideologies and selected demographic characteristics to identify core myths. Three myth categories were established and investigated: blaming the woman, excusing the man, and justifications for acquaintance rape. Findings indicate that rape myths remain prevalent and adherence to myths is related to demographic factors and gender role attitudes. Overall, respondents tend to excuse the man more than blame the woman. Males accept rape myths more than females. Racial differences emerged most strongly on the justifications for acquaintance rape dimension. Individuals with a conservative gender role ideology believe rape myths more than those with more liberal ideologies. While core myths did not emerge from the data, the most revealing finding is that summative scaling techniques used in previous studies may mask important differences, between and within the three dimensions, in rape myth acceptance among the groups studied.
- Burt, M. (1980). Cultural myths and support for rape. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 217–230.
- Collins, P. H. (1990). Black feminist thought. Boston: Unwin Hyman.
- Deitz, S. R., Littman, M., & Bentley, B. J. (1984). Attribution of responsibility for rape: The influence of observing empathy, victim resistance, and victim attractiveness. Sex Roles, 10, 261–280.
- Estrich, S. (1987). Real rape. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Feild, H. S. (1978). Attitudes toward rape: A comparative analysis of police, rapists, crisis counselors and citizens. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 156–179.
- Giacopassi, D. J., & Dull, T. R. (1986). Gender and racial differences of rape myths within a college population. Sex Roles, 15, 63–75.
- Herman, D. F. (1984). The rape culture. In J. Freeman (Ed.), Women: A feminist Perspective (3rd ed.). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Press.
- Lonsway, K. A., & Fitzgerald, L. F. (1994). Rape myths: In review. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 18, 133–164.
- Lonsway, K. A., & Fitzgerald, L. F. (1995). Attitudinal antecedents of rape myth acceptance: A theoretical and empirical reexamination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 704–711.
- Muehlenhard, C. L., Freidman, D. E., & Thomas, C. M. (1985). Is date rape justified? The effects of dating activity, who initiated, who paid, and men's attitudes toward women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 9, 297–309.
- Shotland, R. L., & Goodstein, L. I. (1983). Just because she doesn't want to doesn't mean it's rape: An experimentally based causal model of the perpetuation of rape in a dating situation. Social Psychology Quarterly, 46, 220–232.
- Syzmanski, L. A., Devlin, A. S., Chisler, J. C., & Vyse, S. A. (1993). Gender role and attitudes toward rape in male and female college students. Sex Roles, 29, 37–57.
- U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (1996). Criminal victimization in the United States, 1994. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Justice.
- Williams, J. E., & Holmes, K. A. (1981). The second assault: Rape and public attitudes. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
- Rape Myth Acceptance and Sociodemographic Characteristics: A Multidimensional Analysis
Volume 36, Issue 11-12 , pp 693-707
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors