, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 627-633

Specificity of Lipid Composition in Two Botryococcus Strains, the Producers of Liquid Hydrocarbons

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Abstract

The structure of liquid hydrocarbons and fatty acids produced by the green alga Botryococcus was identified. Two representatives of this alga, Botryococcus braunii Kütz, strain IPPAS H-252, introduced into culture earlier and an organism isolated for the first time from the Shira Lake, were used for this identification. Fatty acid composition of B. braunii, strain H-252, lipids was characterized by a high content of trienoic acids of C16–C18 series. The hydrocarbon composition of this strain was represented by straight-chain and branched-chain C14–C28 components; long-chain linear aliphatic C20–C27 hydrocarbons (54.4%) and 2,6,10,14-tetramethylhexadecane (20.5%) predominated among them. The strain H-252 differed in its fatty acid and hydrocarbon composition from the strains described earlier as Botryococcus braunii. The fatty acid composition of the Botryococcus isolate was represented mainly by C12–C32 saturated and monoenoic acids. The hydrocarbons formed by this isolate were represented by dienoic and trienoic components. C29 (48.9–56.3%) and C31 (11.1–16.3%) hydrocarbons predominated among the C23–C31 dienoic hydrocarbons, and C27, C29, and C31 trienoic hydrocarbons comprised 2.5–2.6% of total hydrocarbons. This type of hydrocarbons and the lipid fatty acid composition were characteristic for the race A of B. braunii.