Social Indicators Research

, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 109–123

Happiness in Canada Since World War II

  • Roderick Hill

DOI: 10.1023/A:1025596332111

Cite this article as:
Hill, R. Social Indicators Research (2004) 65: 109. doi:10.1023/A:1025596332111


Where data exist, measures of averagehappiness in industrialized countries typicallyshow little or no upward trend over time,despite substantial growth in real per capitaincomes. This paper examines the existingCanadian data to see if they support thisgeneralization. The Canadian data have someoverall positive trend. Some simple regressionssuggest that per capita real incomes arepositively associated with happiness, whileunemployment and inflation appear to benegatively associated with happiness, a resultalso found in recent studies of Western Europeand the United States. Controlling for thesevariables, a negative time trend emerges.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roderick Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social ScienceUniversity of New BrunswickSaint John