Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 365–378

Application of Azjen's Theory of Planned Behavior to Predict Sunbathing, Tanning Salon Use, and Sunscreen Use Intentions and Behaviors

  • Joel J. Hillhouse
  • Christine M. Adler
  • Joy Drinnon
  • Rob Turrisi

DOI: 10.1023/A:1025517130513

Cite this article as:
Hillhouse, J.J., Adler, C.M., Drinnon, J. et al. J Behav Med (1997) 20: 365. doi:10.1023/A:1025517130513


Ajzen's (1988) theory of planned behavior (TOPB) was used to examine psychological determinants of high-risk UV radiation exposure-related behaviors (sunbathing, tanning salon use, and sunscreen use). Undergraduates at a midsized southeastern university were assessed on their psychological and behavioral tendencies toward high-risk UV radiation exposure-related behaviors. The results generally supported the utility of the TOPB as an explanatory model for high-risk behavior. Attitudes were strongly associated with high-risk intentions (e.g., not utilize sunscreen, use salons), whereas subjective norms were less so. Perceived behavioral control was found to moderate the relationship among attitudes, norms, and intentions to sunbathe and tan at a salon. Implications for intervention strategies and future model building in this area are discussed.

intentionsplanned behaviorrisksunbathing

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joel J. Hillhouse
    • 1
  • Christine M. Adler
    • 2
  • Joy Drinnon
    • 3
  • Rob Turrisi
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyEast Tennessee State UniversityJohnson City
  2. 2.VAMC—Mountain HomeMountain Home
  3. 3.University of TennesseeUSA
  4. 4.Boise State UniversityUSA