, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 369-377

A Generally Covariant Field Equation for Gravitation and Electromagnetism

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Abstract

A generally covariant field equation is developed for gravitation and electromagnetism by considering the metric vector q μ in curvilinear, non-Euclidean spacetime. The field equation is $$R^\mu - {\text{ }}\frac{1}{2}Rq^\mu = kT^\mu ,$$ , where T μ is the canonical energy-momentum four-vector, k the Einstein constant, R μ the curvature four-vector, and R the Riemann scalar curvature. It is shown that this equation can be written as $$T^\mu = \alpha q^\mu ,$$ where α is a coefficient defined in terms of R, k, and the scale factors of the curvilinear coordinate system. Gravitation is described through the Einstein field equation, which is recovered by multiplying both sides by q μ. Generally covariant electromagnetism is described by multiplying the foregoing on both sides by the wedge q ν. Therefore, gravitation is described by symmetric metricq μ q ν and electromagnetism by the anti-symmetric defined by the wedge product q μ q ν.