, Volume 35, Issue 10, pp 931-946

An FDTD analysis of photonic crystal waveguides comprising third-order nonlinear materials

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A finite difference time domain (FDTD) study of two-dimensional photonic crystals containing nonlinear materials is presented in this paper. An appropriate Z-transform oriented formulation of the FDTD method for the simulation of third-order nonlinear Kerr- and Raman-type media is analyzed and applied to model nonlinear photonic crystal waveguide structures. For their reflectionless termination a novel perfectly matched layer (PML) is proposed and evaluated comparatively to other periodic and inhomogeneous absorbers. Furthermore, the absorbing efficiency of the proposed PML is investigated varying its parameters.