Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 76, Issue 1, pp 65–72

Period-four oscillations of the flash-induced oxygen formation in photosynthesis*

  • Pierre Joliot

DOI: 10.1023/A:1024946610564

Cite this article as:
Joliot, P. Photosynthesis Research (2003) 76: 65. doi:10.1023/A:1024946610564


In this minireview, the earlier researches that led to the discovery of the period-four oscillations of the flash-induced oxygen formation are presented. It also includes the background of the classical model proposed by Bessel Kok, in which the formation of oxygen requires the sequential accumulation of four positive charges on the donor side of the same reaction center.

William ArnoldGeorge CheniaeLouis DuysensRobert EmersonJames FranckHans GaffronPierre JoliotBessel KokOxygen ElectrodeJoseph PriestleyEugene RabinowitchS-statesC.P. Whittingham

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Joliot
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, CNRS UPR1261ParisFrance (