Advances in Health Sciences Education

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 111–116

Core Characteristics of the Competent General Practice Trainer, a Delphi Study


    • Department of Vocational Training for General PracticeUniversity of Groningen
  • Marc H. Conradi
    • Conradi Consult
  • Jan Schuling
    • Department of Vocational Training for General PracticeUniversity of Groningen
  • Betty Meyboom-de Jong
    • Department of Vocational Training for General PracticeUniversity of Groningen
  • Rein P. Zwierstra
    • Institute for Medical Education, Faculty of Medical SciencesUniversity of Groningen
  • Jaap C.M. Metz
    • Clinical Training Centre, Faculty of Medical SciencesUniversity of Nijmegen

DOI: 10.1023/A:1024901701831

Cite this article as:
Boendermaker, P.M., Conradi, M.H., Schuling, J. et al. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract (2003) 8: 111. doi:10.1023/A:1024901701831


Introduction: The specific skills, attitude, knowledge, and personality characteristics, which should define the competent GP-trainer have been subject of research for many years. What are the most important of these characteristics have yet to be delineated. Aim: The aim of this study is to identify which characteristics are prerequisite for a competent GP-trainer. Method: A modified Delphi procedure was used to answer the research question. Earlier qualitative research using focus groups identified 43 characteristics defining the competent GP-trainer. These characteristics were the subject of the Delphi procedure in which 48 experts chosen from the entire field of Dutch General Practice Training participated. Results: After two rounds of the Delphi procedure, 37 characteristics were identified as being important for a competent GP-trainer. The characteristics which were ranked as the most important were 1. a competent GP-trainer is good at giving feedback, 2. dares to give feedback, 3. is critical of the GP-trainee and the learning process, 4. is good at communicating with the GP-trainee, and 5. has respect for the trainee. An important new characteristic has been identified: ``being able to inspire reflection in the trainee''. Conclusion: The core characteristics of the GP-trainer as identified in this research project, form a profile for the ideal GP-trainer to be used as a blueprint for objectives of schooling and for the assessment of GP-trainers.

consensus procedure general practice trainer Netherlands teacher characteristics

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003