Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 559–567

Physical activity and risk of endometrial cancer in a prospective cohort study (United States)

  • Lisa H. Colbert
  • James V. LaceyJr
  • Catherine Schairer
  • Paul Albert
  • Arthur Schatzkin
  • Demetrius Albanes
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1024866827775

Cite this article as:
Colbert, L.H., Lacey, J.V., Schairer, C. et al. Cancer Causes Control (2003) 14: 559. doi:10.1023/A:1024866827775

Abstract

Objective: To examine the physical activity and endometrial cancer relationship in a prospective study of US women enrolled in the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (BCDDP) Follow-up Study. Methods: We assessed past-year physical activity of all types in 23,369 women who returned the baseline questionnaire (1987–1989) and had no prior hysterectomy and/or endometrial cancer. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate age, education, and parity-adjusted rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the 253 confirmed endometrial cancer cases identified during an average 8.2 years of follow-up (ending 1995–1998). Results: There were no dose–response relationships with either total or vigorous physical activity; however, compared to the lowest total activity quartile, the higher four quartiles had a non-significantly lower risk (RR = 0.8, CI = 0.6–1.0). The association with moderate activity varied with follow-up time: RRs (CI) for a 1 h increase in daily moderate activity within 2-year intervals of follow-up (≤2, 2.1–4.9, 5.0–8.0, >8 years) were 1.1 (1.0, 1.2), 1.0 (0.9, 1.1), 1.0 (0.9, 1.1), 1.0 (0.9, 1.1), and 0.8 (0.7, 1.0), respectively. Conclusion: These data suggest that recent physical activity is not strongly related to the risk of endometrial cancer, and that prolonged exposure and longer follow-up may be necessary.

activitycohort studiesendometrial cancerexercisephysical fitness

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa H. Colbert
    • 1
  • James V. LaceyJr
    • 3
  • Catherine Schairer
    • 3
  • Paul Albert
    • 3
  • Arthur Schatzkin
    • 3
  • Demetrius Albanes
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography and BiometryNational Institute on AgingBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.BethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Division of Cancer Epidemiology and GeneticsNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA