Development of a Criteria Set and a Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress (SIDES)
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Data regarding the development of a structured interview measuring alterations that may accompany extreme stress are presented. A list of 27 criteria often seen in response to extreme trauma and not addressed by DSM-IV criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were generated based on a systematic review of the literature and a survey of 50 experts. A structured interview for disorders of extreme stress (SIDES) measuring the presence of these criteria was administered to 520 subjects as part of the DSM-IV PTSD field trials. Inter-rater reliability as measured by Kappa coefficients for lifetime Disorders of Extreme Stress was .81. Internal consistency using coefficient alpha ranged from .53 to .96. Results indicate that the SIDES is a useful tool for investigation of response to extremes stress.
- Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSMIII-R. Author, Washington D.C.
- Briere, J., Runtz, M. Postsexual abuse trauma. In: Wyatt, G., Powell, G. J. eds. (1988) Lasting Effects of Child Sexual Abuse. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 85-100
- Burgess, A. W., Holmstrom, L. L. (1974) Rape trauma syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry 131: pp. 981-986
- Cole, P., Putnam, F. W. (1992) Effect of incest on self and social functioning: A developmental psychopathology perspective. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 60: pp. 174-184
- Corwin, D. Early diagnosis of child sexual abuse: Diminishing the lasting effects. In: Wyatt, G. E., Powell, G. J. eds. (1988) Lasting effects of child sexual abuse. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 251-270
- Crittenden, P. M., Ainsworth, M. D. Child maltreatment and attachment theory. In: Cicchetti, D., Carlson, V. eds. (1989) Child maltreatment: Theory and research on the causes and consequences of child abuse and neglect. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 432-463
- Davidson, J. A. Issues in the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder. In: Oldham, J., Riba, M., Tasman, A. eds. (1993) Review of psychiatry. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC, pp. 141-155
- Davidson, J., Smith, R. (1990) Traumatic experiences in psychiatric outpatients. Journal of Traumatic Stress 3: pp. 459-475
- Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I. A., Smith, C. (1989) Sexual abuse and its relationship to later sexual satisfaction, marital status, religion, and attitudes. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 4: pp. 279-399
- Green, B. (1990) Defining trauma: Terminology and generic stressor dimensions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 20: pp. 1632-1642
- Herman, J. L. (1992) Complex PTSD: A syndrome in survivors of prolonged and repeated trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress 5: pp. 377-392
- Herman, J. L. (1992) Trauma and recovery. Basic Books, New York
- Herman, J. L., van der Kolk, B. Traumatic antecedents of borderline personality disorder. In: van der Kolk, B. eds. (1987) Psychological trauma. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 111-126
- Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992) Shattered assumptions: Towards a new psychology of trauma. Free Press, New York
- Kilpatrick, D. G., Resnick, H. S., & Freedy, J. R. (1992). Post-traumatic stress disorder field trial report: A comprehensive review of initial results. Presented at Annual Meetings of the American Psychiatric Association, Washington, D.C.
- Krystal, H. (1968) Massive psychic trauma. International Universities Press, New York
- Lewis, D. O., Shanok, S. S. (1981) Perinatal difficulties, head and face trauma, and child abuse, in the medical histories of seriously delinquent children. American Journal of Psychiatry 136: pp. 419-423
- Pelcovitz, D., Kaplan, S., Corwin D., Burgess, A., Chester, B., Kleinman, S., Chu, J., & Spitzer, R. (1989, October). Disorders of extreme stress not otherwise specified: A review of the literature. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, San Francisco, CA.
- Pelcovitz, D., Kaplan, S., Goldenberg, B., Mandel, F., Lehane, J. &., Guarrera, J. (1994) Posttraumatic stress disorder in physically abused adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 33: pp. 305-312
- Putnam, F. W. (1989) Diagnosis and treatment of multiple personality disorder. Guilford, New York
- Pynoos, R. S. Traumatic stress and developmental psychopathology in children and adolescents. In: Oldham, J., Riba, M., Tasman, A. eds. (1993) Review of psychiatry. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC, pp. 205-238
- Roth, S., Pelcovitz, D., van der Kolk, B., & Mandel, F. (in press). Complex PTSD in victims exposed to sexual and physical abuse: Results from the DSM-IV field trials for posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress.
- Schneider-Rosen, K., Cicchetti, D. (1984) The relationship between affect and cognition in maltreated infants: Quality of attachment and the development of visual self-recognition. Child Development 55: pp. 648-658
- Spinazzola, J., Roth S., Derosa, R., Efrom, L., Lifton, N., & Davidson, J. (1994, November). The specificity of the Disorders of Extreme Stress construct. Poster presented at the meetings of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, Chicago, IL.
- Spitzer, R., Kaplan, S., Pelcovitz, D. (1989) Victimization disorder: A needed addition to DSM-IV. Proceedings of the 142nd Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association Summary 142: pp. 234
- Terr, L. C. (1991) Childhood traumas: An outline and overview. American Journal of Psychiatry 148: pp. 10-20
- van der Kolk, B., Pelcovitz, D., Herman, J., Roth, S., Kaplan, S. & Spitzer, R. (1992). Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress. Unpublished manuscript.
- van der Kolk, B. A., Pelcovitz, D., Roth, S., Mandel, F. S., McFarlane, A., Herman, J. L. (1996) Dissociation, somatization, and affect dysregulation: The complexity of adaptation to trauma. American Journal of Psychiatry 153: pp. 83-93
- Walker, L. E. (1984) The battered woman syndrome. Springer, New York
- The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioral disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. World Health Organization, Geneva
- Development of a Criteria Set and a Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress (SIDES)
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 10, Issue 1 , pp 3-16
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- posttraumatic stress
- traumatic events
- disorders of extreme stress
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychiatry, North Shore University Hospital-Cornell University Medical College, Manhassett, New York, 11030
- 2. Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02138
- 3. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, 27706
- 4. Department of Research, North Shore University Hospital-Cornell University Medical College, Manhassett, New York, 11030
- 5. University of Missouri, St Louis, Missouri, 63121