Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 77–102

Attachment Theory and Affect Regulation: The Dynamics, Development, and Cognitive Consequences of Attachment-Related Strategies


DOI: 10.1023/A:1024515519160

Cite this article as:
Mikulincer, M., Shaver, P.R. & Pereg, D. Motivation and Emotion (2003) 27: 77. doi:10.1023/A:1024515519160


Attachment theory (J. Bowlby, 1982/1969, 1973) is one of the most useful and generative frameworks for understanding both normative and individual-differences aspects of the process of affect regulation. In this article we focus mainly on the different attachment-related strategies of affect regulation that result from different patterns of interactions with significant others. Specifically, we pursue 3 main goals: First, we elaborate the dynamics and functioning of these affect-regulation strategies using a recent integrative model of attachment-system activation and dynamics (P. R. Shaver & M. Mikulincer, 2002). Second, we review recent findings concerning the cognitive consequences of attachment-related strategies following the arousal of positive and negative affect. Third, we propose some integrative ideas concerning the formation and development of the different attachment-related strategies.

attachmentaffect regulationpersonality development

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Mikulincer
    • 1
  • Phillip R. Shaver
    • 2
  • Dana Pereg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavis