Effects of Level of Processing on Implicit and Explicit Memory in Depressed Mood
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- Ruiz-Caballero, J.A. & González, P. Motivation and Emotion (1997) 21: 195. doi:10.1023/A:1024438701205
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Recently, several studies have addressed the question of whether depression affects priming in implicit memory tasks. The main aim of this experiment was to assess the presence of a bias for negative information in explicit memory (free recall) and implicit memory (word-stem completion) tasks among subclinically depressed subjects compared to nondepressed subjects, using the typical levels of processing manipulation. The results of this study show the existence of a mood-congruent memory bias for both implicit and explicit memory in depressed subjects. The theoretical implications of these findings for implicit and explicit memory biases associated with depressed mood are discussed.