Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 195-209

First online:

Effects of Level of Processing on Implicit and Explicit Memory in Depressed Mood

  • José A. Ruiz-CaballeroAffiliated withFacultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED)
  • , Piedad GonzálezAffiliated withUniversidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

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Recently, several studies have addressed the question of whether depression affects priming in implicit memory tasks. The main aim of this experiment was to assess the presence of a bias for negative information in explicit memory (free recall) and implicit memory (word-stem completion) tasks among subclinically depressed subjects compared to nondepressed subjects, using the typical levels of processing manipulation. The results of this study show the existence of a mood-congruent memory bias for both implicit and explicit memory in depressed subjects. The theoretical implications of these findings for implicit and explicit memory biases associated with depressed mood are discussed.